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Psychology Laboratory in Psychology is a capstone class for psychology majors and minors. The main goal of the course is the completion of an independent research project, which the student develops themselves from idea to data analysis over the course of the semester. The instructional team is led by faculty member Dr. Melanie Palomares and dedicated graduate students. Students were encouraged to develop a study based on their personal interests such as social media, interpersonal relationships, or exercise.
Following certification in human subjects training, the students collected data by deploying surveys and assessments to their target demographic. Students analyzed and interpreted their data using SPSS, a statistical software. Students then wrote a full length, APA style research paper about their project. Students from this class acquired several skills such as responsible research conduct, survey creation, statistical software analysis, and professional writing. This class provided the opportunity for undergraduate students to preview the graduate student research experience.
The students published here went the extra mile and prepared their research papers for this publication, which often included additional, more sophisticated data analysis and new research questions. It has been observed that women are beginning to have children at a later age than traditionally seen in history. The data was collected mainly from undergraduate students at the University of South Carolina through a survey completed by 39 participants. Through a one-way between-subjects ANOVA, this study found there was not a ificant difference of the ideal age to have children between college students ages 19, 20, 21, 22, and It is no secret that in recent years, women are delaying having children.
Historically, women started to have families at younger ages than some women do today Hird et al. Today, women are having children later in life, and it is particularly interesting Sex Dating Langley South Carolina see if the desire of wanting children at a specific age varies in early adulthood. There has been an increase of women delaying motherhood from their twenties to thirties in industrialized countries Wiebe et al. There are many different reasons why some women are choosing to delay starting families. In a pre-modernity time period, women traditionally had children without question, but in the present day, women are gaining more control in the decision of if and when to have children Hird et al.
research has found that, of college graduate women, there was an increase in the likelihood of starting a family at ages 30 and older Abramowitz, Likewise in Sweden, the contributing factor of women delaying having children is the increased of women pursuing higher education Svanberg et al. Although fertility in women declines with age, the average maternal age of American women continues to increase Gossett et al.
The present study hypothesizes current college students will have a desire to have children later in life compared to their mothers. College education and career goals could have an influence in explaining why women are delaying starting families. The current study was aimed to investigate whether or not college students have a desire to have children at a different age than when their mothers had children.
The targeted participants were undergraduate students at the University of South Carolina within the age range of Participants were recruited viatext message, GroupMe, and Facebook. The mean age of participants was There were no risks involved in this study. In the consent section of the Google Form, participants were assured their would remain anonymous.
Before continuing, the participants had to agree that they acknowledged the following: there are no risks from participating in the study, all responses are anonymous, there are no consequences of declining, the information is given voluntarily, and each participant is able to refuse to answer any question and stop at any time. The survey asked for the participant to state their age in years. The survey was not timed, but the anticipated time to complete the survey was five minutes.
Each participant completed the survey on Google Forms. The questions asked on the survey are included in the appendix. Age was separated into five levels: 19, 20, 21, 22 and Comparing the differences between each age group was completed primarily because the ages 19, 20, 21, 22, and 23 were the ages represented in the sample.
It was unclear whether or not there would be a pattern in the data appropriate for a correlation or linear regression; there may also have been a change in the data somewhere between those aged 19 and those aged Because the possible pattern was unclear, comparing the potential differences between each age was the clearest approach to interpret the findings. The ANOVA ran between the age of the participant 19, 20, 21, 22, and 23 and their ideal age to have children. The mean ideal age to have children from the sample was The mean ideal age to have children of the participants was not ificantly different from the mean age of the mother when she had her first child Figure 2.
The of both the one-way between-subjects ANOVA and the paired-samples t-test were not statistically Sex Dating Langley South Carolina. These did not support the hypothesis that college students will prefer to have children later in life compared to their mothers. Much of the data regarding women delaying starting families is focused on graduate age women or women who are beginning their careers. The present study is unique by surveying undergraduate college women in order to investigate their ideal age to have children later in life.
The hypothesis was motivated by past research that indicates a shift in the age women have children does exist, but it did not successfully detect when this shift occurred. According to Allen et al. Explanations for this shift could be due to continuing education, careers, or reproductive rights Allen et al, It is possible the sample size of this present study had too young of participants. Perhaps the would have been different if the sample size were college graduate women or women already beginning their careers.
While men were not excluded from the study, the survey received an extremely low response rate from male participants; because of this, males were removed from the sample to prevent a confound of biological sex. The lack of diversity in biological sex serves as an additional limitation for the present study. In the future, a larger sample size might lead to more representative of college students. Since the data found in the present study was not statistically ificant, it indicates college students have homogenous ideals about what age to begin having children that reflect the age of their mother when she had her first.
A recommendation for further investigation could be to include graduate students in future study, or survey an older generation. Graduate students would likely be older than students who participated in the current study. Older students could provide a wider age range of participants that could result in a different preference for students ideal age to have children.
Since the participants in the present study were of traditional undergraduate age, this similar age range could for the shared ideal age to have children. Another explanation for the not being statistically ificant could be because the generation of college students surveyed in the present study are not the generation who are having children at a later age. Collecting data from an older generation could be useful in detecting where the perceived shift in the age of having children actually occurred. I earned my Bachelors of Arts in Experimental Psychology with a minor in advertising and public relations.
I am originally from Georgia, but I have lived in Blythewood, South Carolina for the past eight years. I am currently in the process of applying to law school for fall of I am certified in human research and social and behavioral responsible conduct of research by the Collaborative Institutional Training Initiative CITI.
This study was inspired by my interest in investigating the perceived shift of women having children later in life than traditionally seen in history. This project was a study completed Sex Dating Langley South Carolina Laboratory in Psychology, a final course in the undergraduate psychology program at UofSC.
I have experience working as an undergraduate research assistant in research labs in the Department of Psychology, but Laboratory in Psychology gave me the opportunity to perform my own project for the first time. This study gave me the opportunity to apply the research and statistical methods I learned earlier in the program. This experience was valuable to my Graduation with Leadership Distinction pathway as well as excellent practice for future research I will assist with in law school. I would like to thank Tristen Scartozzi, who served as my research partner for this study during our semester of Laboratory in Psychology.
And a tremendous thank you to my TA, Kristin Kirchner, who served as my mentor on this project during and after the course. Abramowitz, J. Journal of Family and Economic Issues38 1— Allen, K. Starting a revolution in family life education: A feminist.
Physician, 58 10 ee Gossett, D. What do healthy women know about. Journal of Health Communication18 Suppl Sex Dating Langley South Carolina— Hird, M. Women without children: A contradiction in terms? Svanberg, A. Attitudes toward parenthood and. Gender Medicine, 3 3 Figure 1. Mean ideal ages to have children. Figure 2. Do you have children? Participants had the option of selecting either: Yes, no, or I prefer not to say. If so, what age were you when you had your first child? Participants answered by writing the age in short answer text. Do you plan on having children at some point in life?
What is your ideal age to start having children? What age was your mother when she had her first child? What age was your father when he had his first child?
Are your parents college graduates? Participants were to select one of two options: at least one of my parents has a college degree, or neither of my parents have a college degree. Abstract It has been observed that women are beginning to have children at a later age than traditionally seen in history.
College Student's Ideal Age for Having Children It is no secret that in recent years, women are delaying having children. Method Participants The targeted participants were undergraduate students at the University of South Carolina within the age range of Materials and Procedures The survey asked for the participant to state their age in years. Discussion The of both the one-way between-subjects ANOVA and the paired-samples t-test were not statistically ificant.
References Abramowitz, J. Starting a revolution in family life education: A feminist vision. Delayed motherhood.Sex Dating Langley South Carolina
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